Tobacco History

The discovery
Regarding this, in the Christopher Columbus' diary there are some notes of Brother Bartolome de las Casas where he described how women and men crossed the townsThe tobacco discovery with grasses in their hands to take aromatic smoke with grasses in their hands to take aromatic smoke. Those grasses were inside another dried leaf by way of a musket which was light for one of its sides and for the other one was puffed on, absorbing the smoke that numbed the flesh and made people to get drunk.

The beginning of tobacco production in Cuba
The first tobacco plantations were established on the banks of Almendares River, around the year 1610 and of the Arimao, in the central region of the island. At that time tobacco smugglers brought tobacco to the foreign markets. Tobacco production and market increased over the sugar production due to is low cost.

The banning of Tobacco in Europe
More than one state of the continent imposed the public burning of tobacco for considering a "harmful grass” and announced severe measures for tobacco growers and tobacconists who did not fulfill what was declared. Exile, whipping, confiscation of goods, prison an even cutting of noses and ears of smokers, a measure imposed by Amurates, sultan of Turkey in 1622, were among others penalties that kings, Popes and Christ and Mohammed priests imposed to their subjects and faithful people.

The Commerce of Cigar
After the abolition of the Cuban tobacco monopoly in 1817, and the beginning of the free trade with other nations, the increasing of the tobacco production in Cuba began. In 1827, 5500 tobacco plantations in Cuba already existed.

The Estanco and the uprising of tobacco planters
Tobacco planters formed a petit bourgeoisie wishing to abolish the monopolization regime of the king. For his reason, and as a controlling measure over the sale of traders to the ships, the monarchy ordered the measure known as the Estanco.

Tobacco as a Medicine
Tobacco was initially perceived as a medicine and it was considered a suitable treatment for many complaints, such as ague, scurvy and chronic amnesia; some people were convinced that it prevented them for catching the plague.